🥧Raspberry Pi 3B/3B+ USB SATA/SSD (2019) 🥧


the SD card on my Raspberry Pi ran out
of space so I got a bigger one hi welcome to Canispator Christmas all
right so I had seen a video about hooking up a solid-state hard drive to a
Raspberry Pi now where you know this might be interesting is if you are just
burning through SD cards for whatever the application is I wanted to find out
if a solid-state drive was a viable option and so I bought this 32 gig
solid-state drive off Amazon it’s a transcend and then I bought this little
adapter WEme? WEme? so this is just a SATA to USB adapter it’s also got a AC
adapter plug in here so I think USB 3 works fine with just the cable USB 2 may
need the extra power supply I guess it also depends on what you’re plugging it
into what the power supply is running on your device now I’m running Raspberry Pi
so a lot of times when you buy one of those the power supply that comes with
it is just barely enough to run the PI and if you start adding peripherals in
there then it kind of has a problem so now I’ve got a bigger power supply for
mine so it’s it’s not an issue so that’s that’s all it is it’s just a solid-state
drive and you’re using it as a USB external drive on the PI there is a lot
of command line stuff to get this to actually work so with an SD card
you can expand the file system to use the entire SD card you can’t do that
with this because that it only works with SD cards so you have to do it
manually and you have to go into Fdisk and delete and create a new partition
and then run a resize command it’s not super complicated but if you’re not
comfortable with doing that kind of low-level stuff then then stay away from
it you its this is not required this is just something I wanted to play with
because I thought it was kind of a neat idea and wanted to check it out so I’ll
go through and initialize this on my laptop and then I’ll connect it up to
the Raspberry Pi and see you know make sure that the pie boots without an SD
card just just with this connected up to it and then I will expand the file
system so that it can use the entire drive all of that is pretty generic
Linux stuff so any application that you have that you might need this for
that’ll still apply and then the final piece will just be Falcon Player and so
that’s more specific to my application but this should apply to anything that
does a lot of writes I’m not saying that you need to do this for Falcon Player
I’ve got SD cards that have lasted for years it does not chew up SD cards so
you don’t need to do this it’s just Uber geek stuff probably also not going
to be supported by the developers of Falcon Player so don’t get me in trouble
and start asking them a bunch of questions while your solid state hard
drive doesn’t work with Falcon Player. alright this cable it just has the SATA
connector and a USB connector we have a solid-state drive here with the same
kind of connector can you see that and we just want to match up the short end
and the long end there we go we’re ready to plug it into the computer and format
it so let’s erase this don’t really care what it’s called Master Boot Record we want FAT we want
and Master Boot Record we will hit erase. so details everything looked good OK
we’re done so now we have a fat32 formatted 32 gigabyte Drive so I’m going to put
the Falcon Player image onto it that’s a Raspberry Pi image with Stretch and some
application files for Falcon Player but it’s really this thing you could write
noobs to it or really whatever you wanted to
okay so let’s exit out of this open up Etcher select the image Pi 2.5, select the
drive that’s the 32 gig er and we will flash I’ll type my [password] and we’re flashing flash complete okay now we can remove it
from the computer and put it into the Raspberry Pi OK this is the setup
I have the solid-state drive here cable coming out here going back into here I
have no SD card in there I’ve got an Ethernet cable plugged in, HDMI plugged
in and then this is the power connector so if we power up the unit and
everything works what you’ll see is this little light will come on the light
right there the hard drive light will come on but we don’t see anything this
is a pi/3 B not a pi/3 B+ so we’ve got to put an SD card in there get into the
operating system and make one little change let me get set up for that and
I’ll show you that so the setup is we have a Raspberry Pi booted up into
Stretch with the SD card we also have the solid state drive plugged into the
USB port doesn’t really matter at this point but it’s in there so what we’re
going to do is execute this command its echo program USB boot mode equals one
and we’re going to add that to the boot config so if you look do that so this we
should find the boot config and let’s do a cat
boot config and there it is at the bottom program USB boot mode equals one
the Raspberry Pi 3 B plus is able to boot from USB without any changes but
the Raspberry Pi 3 B requires the USB boot bit to be set in the one-time
programmable memory so this is a commitment folks you can’t go back once
you do this you can’t go back and all it means is that if you have a bootable USB
Drive in there and no SD card then it’ll boot from the USB Drive if you have an
SD card in there that still takes priority and that will still boot all
right so let’s reboot and let’s fry that fuse okay we have rebooted now we need
to execute this command to make sure that it did its job and it’s vcgencmd otp_dump pipe
that to grep 17 and we get 3020000a which means that the bit is now set
so now we should be able to shut down this pi pull out the SD card and boot
from the SSD if all goes well and we can shut down I will pull out the SD card
and put it aside so we’d have no SD card all we got is this SSD plugged into the
PI alright so now let’s fire it back up and see if it works Hey! that looks good and it looks like
we’re booting so we just powered off let’s put the SD card back in because we
do want to boot with that but we also want this connected this time because
we’re going to expand this filesystem so power on so execute LSBLK to get all
the block devices so you see we have we’re booted from this disk which is the
SD card and then this is the hard drive that we have plugged in and just to
verify that it’s partitioned it with a 43.8 meg boot partition and then a three
gig drive partition so we want to increase this to close to 32 gig we do a sudo fdisk /dev/sda and there we are so if
we print the current partition we have this fat partition which is not really
sure what that it may be that’s a bootloader and then this is the one we
want to change so so the first thing we want to do is
delete this second partition I know it sounds scary so we deleted it so we do a new primary
and we’re gonna default to to the first sector let’s just copy this 98 304 98
304 and the last one is going to be whatever the last one is so this Drive
that has 62 533 296 sectors and 62 533 295 is the last sector so I’ll just hit
enter we created a second partition it’ll be ext4 yes we know we don’t want
to remove the signature and then we need to write this partition table so now we
need to reboot it all right let’s do an LSBLK again just to verify that’s
29.8 gig now so we want to resize FS dev SDA2 – and I bet I need to do this okay there we go it will take a few minutes
well it’s resizing the hard drive light is blinking all right so now we should
be able to shut down when it halt it let me remove the SD card and now we just
have this let’s turn it back on now let’s see if she boots with the SSD
fully resized so if I hit that with a browser it looks like it is working so
now we can go in and configure Falken just like we do normally when we’re
using an SD card that’s awesome so I did a quick performance test coming in at
the slowest was a thumb drive at 2 minutes and 28 seconds then the SSD at 2
minutes and 9 seconds and then not surprising the SD card at 1 minute 46
seconds ok so it works I’m happy that I had a little experiment that came out on
the positive side I’m going to run this for a while I’m just gonna basically
just have it run a show for a while and see how that does I’ll also be updating
the the sequences and adding songs and that kind of stuff but mainly just
having it run and see what it does see if it runs into any issues so I’ll let
you know how that goes in the Articles that I was looking at there may be some
compatibility issues with some solid-state drives some of them may not
come up fast enough for the the Raspberry Pi to recognize them there may
be some other issues that I don’t know about I don’t know if I just got lucky
with this or if it’s you know works better now not really sure this one I
tried and this one worked so I will have a link to
this on my Amazon page I’ll also link to this adapter on my Amazon page and if
it’s something you want to try out these work for me I’m not an expert in this I
haven’t you know this is what I’ve tried so this works for me I won’t be much
help if you have questions about other solid-state drives so but if you want to
try it out try it out I think it’s kind of a cool idea that being said if you
have any questions leave them below other than that thanks for watching and
I’ll see you again soon

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