October 9, 2019 HomeArticlesArtillery Combat in World War 1 Artillery Combat in World War 1 By Maxine Hayes Articles, Blog 100 Comments Tags:and, artillery, Barrage, Developments, Doctrine, education, Great War, History, the, Visualized, was, WW1 Related Posts Gagner de l’argent|Travail a domicile|Fortune academie Affiliate Marketing VS Referral Marketing? Board of Supervisors Formal Meeting 7-31-19 About Author admin 100 Comments Alexander Gauland Can you make a video about Tank tactics in WW2? January 21, 2017 Reply Maxime Carpentier "and stock ammo sucks" Not the German 75 and 88 mm pzgr 39 used in the Tigers and Panthers xD January 25, 2017 Reply eugene orr if you have done one for infantry tactics in ww1 i haven't seen it but would love to. if you haven't I would recommend it for a video in the future it wasn't all just hide behind the trench, and did develop some innovations as well that frequently gets forgotten when we talk about ww1. love your channel and the videos it creates very clear understanding of why things were the way they were February 2, 2017 Reply Axel Alexson Why are these numbers just for 3 nations and not all of the major nations involved in WW1 ? 🙁 February 26, 2017 Reply DerDerImmerLaaagt Germany had more artillery guns but were they better then the French and British???? February 27, 2017 Reply Andrew Givens Another superb tutorial; informed and accessible simultaneously. I really enjoy your work. April 4, 2017 Reply Cattro Unity good book to view: Mapping the Great War by Peter Chasseaud. April 10, 2017 Reply Weedus Did you looked into the book about Artillery written by the later field Marshall Scharnhorst as he was Instructor on the Artilery School of Hannover?It contains everything you ever wanted to know about blackpowder Artillery,how to make the Guns,how to check and proove them,how to make the different types of Ammo,how the ingredients should look and all that…shooting the Guns is only a little part of the Book. May 7, 2017 Reply Weedus When you compare the planned Life of a Artillery Barrel…the Number of Shots after which it must be replaced listed in the Doctrines…and the actual combat Life of the Barrels…you can imagine how inaccurate they must have been…I would try to make up for that by having Artillery Field Workshops which measure land-groove diameter of the worn out barrels,and then go to their workshop and make custom driving bands just for that Gun…and the Crew would then simply hammer on the Driving Band before firing…would take like 20 second or so…and would not realy make the fire preparations much more work,considering they have to screw in and dial the Fuzes anway,and that the Shells need driving bands if the barrel is new or not. May 7, 2017 Reply Gary Panter Thank you.We don't get good documentaries anymore. History Channel Discovery Channel Nat Geo they just don't put out the material that they used to May 9, 2017 Reply Golden Eagle Wonder what the difference is between a Vickers HMG and a British .303 Maxim…Other than cosmetic May 17, 2017 Reply T Arena this guy loves icons May 23, 2017 Reply TheSchultinator Could you make a video comparing the artillery doctrine and tactics of the combatants in WWII? May 28, 2017 Reply humor lol seems to me everyone just shoot cannon at each other in ww1 June 1, 2017 Reply murmurrrr Why was WO II the end of the Battleship? Is there a video about that too? June 3, 2017 Reply Narred Darr I think the mention of certain Russian generals that whooped Austro-Hungarian forces deserved a mention as they used some novel tactics to break the deadlock and several times the Germans had to move in to help their sedentary Austro-Hungarian partners. I cannot remember the names of these Generals but they were men who 'thought outside the box' to force the Austro-Hungarians into retreat. I loaned the book to a friend, it was about Bismarck and Ludendorff and went in to great detail about the use of artillery in different ways to fool the enemy [when we talk of WW1, artillery is a topic difficult to avoid]. And this was 1915-16 when certain Russian Generals used tactics that forced Germany's intervention on behalf of Austro-Hungary. June 7, 2017 Reply Philusaphur This shows the german industrial power before all the world wars June 18, 2017 Reply Robin Jansie "look, a Lewis and Spandau in one picture.. one might wonder wich was better.."Take that LindyBeige xD But seriously, wich one do you think was better? My guess is the Spandau, since it is a lot lighter/more manouverable.One remark about the Bren vs Spandau, I'd have to agree with LB, Bren = better for attack, Spandau = better for defence, even though his explanation and examples might not have been the best, this is the best conclision in my opinion. June 21, 2017 Reply yiggdrasill I glad I found this, far too many people fail to realize that ww2 came from ww1 in almost every way. from artillery to tanks to air power to the convoy system and more. I'm going to look around your page and see if I can find more but I would like it if you did more ww1 stuff (I know, its dry stuff and the sheer pigheadedness of the generals on any form of change is infuriating to read but its such an important part of military history) June 24, 2017 Reply Romain "Generally, the french lagged behind the german innovations" nooooooooooo, this is becoming too much, why were we such retards back then ? 🙁 June 24, 2017 Reply adamndirtyape Fun fact – these shells are still killing people today. And even more fun, some of these unexploded shells that sometimes go off when someone is farming or digging are still filled with fully potent poison gas. The First World War bombs that are still killing people in Francehttp://www.mirror.co.uk/news/world-news/first-world-war-bombs-still-3862370 July 1, 2017 Reply Earthworm Jim BRING DOWN THE SKY! July 4, 2017 Reply JhunterL 117amaterasu great video ! such significant aspect of the war July 13, 2017 Reply Calebkilltron C In New Zealand we learn about Gallipoli and that's at July 24, 2017 Reply Ducesweden Could you make an episode about air forces and tactics used in ww1-present? 🙂 July 30, 2017 Reply Jimsy 8 million rounds a month?! You can see how weapons manufacturers are the only winners in a war. August 3, 2017 Reply drochmhada When people talk about the lack of artillery shells at the beginning of WWI it needs to be remembered that the explosive used throughout WWI for artillery shells was picric acid. Picric acid is nitrated indigo; indigo was a blue dye, picric acid a yellow dye. The French army began using it as an explosive in artillery shells in the 1880s. It was an acid, it slowly dissolved the steel shell cases; because of this, shells could not be stored for long time periods, the shells had to be expended in training. Large amounts of stored ammunition would have wasted large amounts of ammunition at a high expense. August 8, 2017 Reply John Lansing If I might recommend a book that brought about a change in strategic outlook and execution from between the world wars the strategy of indirect approach by liddell Hart if you go to Internet archive you can download a pdf free..https://archive.org/details/strategyofindire035126mbp August 16, 2017 Reply Charlie Clelland As an introduction to WW1 artillery it does the job. However, there are lots of important innovations which were just ignored. The central role of artillery in WW1 is ignored. Some 70% of all WW1 casualties were caused by artillery fire. The rise in the use of mortars which gave high angle attack and were in the hands of the infantry was extremely important in WW1. The recycling of naval and fortress guns reconfigured in land carriages and railway guns was the reason that heavy, long range guns were available in large numbers. It is an error to say that the armies on the Western Front lacked high angle artillery (howitzers) in 1914. The French had the 15cm Rimailho howitzer in numbers but these were unreliable, The British had 4.5inch howitzers distributed as 1 battery in 3 in their field artillery regiments as well as small numbers of 6inch howitzers. The Germans had both 10cm and 15cm howitzers which were powerful and effective guns. I thought the fire planning and organisation of Bruchmuller and his staff was given only a superficial treatment. The concept of Bruchmuller that the artillery was not in any sense homogenous but should be treated as separate force components with different roles was probably Bruchmuller's seminal idea. Arguably the Bruchmuller artillery doctrines lead to the destruction of the Russian Army in the (now) Baltic States and the overwhelming of the British and French armies in March 1918 during Operation Michael. The German late war doctrine where infantry had their own close range supporting artillery was an idea which has survived in various forms until modern times. The present day Russian Army and its predecessor the Red Army adapted Bruchmuller's ideas to their technology and organisations. The Russian armies have always been noted for the power and effectiveness of their artillery. September 5, 2017 Reply Leandro Gabriel I don't understand the need for creeping barrages. Couldn't they just fire a standing barrage at the enemy, move the attacking troops to just outside of the barrage, wait for it to stop and then rush in to attack? Even if you don't know the exact coordinates of the enemy you can just adjust the barrage before the attacking troops come out. September 10, 2017 Reply Kristina Rain *raises hand* ✋During a creeping barrage would 'short rounds' ever present a serious issue? September 23, 2017 Reply Josh Jenkins Its common sense. The world has lost it along with any intelligence October 3, 2017 Reply Josh Jenkins Should be military history for plebs October 3, 2017 Reply Alrich Hills Boer War please October 10, 2017 Reply kebman But no math or mention of Haubitz.. October 11, 2017 Reply Bigg Jobag It's well worth noting that while the Germans may have had more artillery than the British and French, the German army was spread much more thinly. The Germans had to dedicate large numbers of troops to the Russian and Romanian fronts, and although the British army was also significantly engaged in Salonika, Mesopotamia, and many other places, the majority of their troops were on the Western Front; meanwhile the French were solely dedicated to the Western Front. For this reason, the Germans were typically outnumbered 2 to 1 on the Western Front, with the odds being stacked even further against them in terms of artillery. October 19, 2017 Reply SprayedPaint 11:37 November 2, 2017 Reply Carlo Sanguineti Totally agree with you! Great job! November 6, 2017 Reply Watcher Zero The liberal government in the UK fell in 1915 because the troops wernt getting enough shells and RoF had fallen to 4 shells per gun per day. Reforms were implemented including a new industrial process that could turn 100 tonnes of grain in to 12 tonnes of Acetone using brewing equipment and production skyrocketed from 1.2m shells per year in 1914 to 50m shells per year by 1917, Germany was producing 1.36m shells per year in 1914 and production peaked at 36m per year in 1916 before the lack of coal began to shut down its industry. https://ichef-1.bbci.co.uk/news/304/media/images/58531000/gif/_58531439_explosive_prod_ww1_304gr.gif November 18, 2017 Reply Ian Anderson Nice summary. There are other points you could have covered, such as the lack of indirect fire early in the war leading to the (re)introduction of mortars into warfare (though sometimes manned by infantry), and the big part played by aerial photography in map making for the artillery (certainly by the British and I presume the other countries too). December 1, 2017 Reply Kali Southpaw I love the Skull Jack in the box. I can just hear the tune of "pop goes the weasel" while cranking the handle, and then that skull popping up! December 4, 2017 Reply Brian Wyters Why not just keep continuous fire on the trench? December 8, 2017 Reply MusikCassette Do you have pronouncing the "th"? December 16, 2017 Reply John smith 14:40 "commander do you have visual. I repeat we need visual confirmation, has the salt been destroyed? * commander inspects closer * "negative, the salt remains, I repeat the salt, remains." only real Americans get the that reference. December 17, 2017 Reply Kyllian Masson Vive la France!!! December 21, 2017 Reply gaston jaillet Germany was the Master of artillery during WW1 indeed. But whereas France and Britain were outgunned, they focused on other technology. Planes, tanks, tactique, field doctrine… In 1918, the germans had the bigger number of Guns, but had almost no tank, outdated planes ( past 1917), outdated strategy that were precisely focusing only on artillery which was no more so effective with the return of mobile war ( whereas the french 75mm were). Having the biggest number and best mastery of one weapon doesn't make you win Wars. It is the conjugaison of everything that win. December 31, 2017 Reply Shhtteeve I have just stumbled here…. and I'm moving in January 6, 2018 Reply Andrew Dolokhov If you want more money, maybe you should partner up with some company offering some cheap, easy, safe way of facilitating payments online. As it is now, I would toss a buck into my screen if I could, but I hate the notion of doing anything resembling banking online. January 7, 2018 Reply Finnish Wehraboo Make vid of ww1 artielly trucks pls January 8, 2018 Reply ClockworkMultiverse By "German" in 1866 and 1870 you mean specifically "Prussian" (I assume). January 22, 2018 Reply Stomping Partridge This was a great upload, can't believe i've missed it until now. Lest we forget this phenomenal waste of human life. January 24, 2018 Reply Sikandar Khan Excellent presentation as always. Thank you for your hard work. February 9, 2018 Reply Duececoupe Absolutely fantastic video….extremely well done to say the least! 11 Stars out of 10! 👍👌👏 February 25, 2018 Reply Richard Willis Very interesting visualisation. Superbly well explained introduction and a pretty objective review of the role of artillery. February 27, 2018 Reply the night hAunter f88k the 1%!! PRIVACY OR gen8cide solder attacking,then gets hit by artillery,the calls out for fire support [WHERES that artillery?!!]the freindly artillery is the one that hit him,not enemy,awwww warhammer 40,000 what paradoxs you create and delight… March 10, 2018 Reply the night hAunter f88k the 1%!! PRIVACY OR gen8cide i skipped the 1st 2 steps,i like strategy games. March 10, 2018 Reply E Fig Can u analyze trench raiding parties? April 16, 2018 Reply E Fig What percentage of artillery men became deaf or suffered serious hearing loss in the war? April 16, 2018 Reply Sascha L. 67 people use direct fire May 4, 2018 Reply D D Jay Good vid. Perhaps you could make more about WWI , especially the infantry division setups, like you did for WWII/HOI4. May 8, 2018 Reply Tim Neeno Very interesting and informative! Thank you. May 12, 2018 Reply ივანე მასხულია Make german videos 🙁 May 13, 2018 Reply Nick Hill This channel is sneaky good. The presentation style is more "clean and professional" rather than "flashy and fun", but it should not be overlooked. This guy does his homework and presents in a highly organized and understandable manner – one of my favorite channels for sure! May 29, 2018 Reply HARRY PRUITT J May 30, 2018 Reply Sky Leonidas I dont understand why they didn't ignore any possibility of taking trenches over anf focused on an amphibious attack June 9, 2018 Reply James Wharton My impression is that the subtitles writer did not understand the subject matter and/or narrator (e.g., writing "a theory" when the narrator says "artillery". June 12, 2018 Reply Don Bryson My wife’s grandfather was crewman on a Big Bertha German heavy artillery piece. June 22, 2018 Reply Potato Potato Artillery combat in World War 2 please. July 2, 2018 Reply Elon Musk Artillery op pls nerf July 16, 2018 Reply xrmweho Give credit to Brusilov, who came up with “ neutralization “ in 1916. July 18, 2018 Reply Brent Slensker Very important post on the dominance of WW1 Artillery! August 3, 2018 Reply Toratchi888 5:03 What most of my production lines look like in HOI IV. August 10, 2018 Reply Thinkingthing XII D O A R T I L L E R Y O N L Y August 28, 2018 Reply Jason Barnes I would love you to do a unit breakdown of units in the American civil war. I would love to see what a union battalion, regiment, brigade, division and so on looked like. I know there was no standardization but still would like to see. September 26, 2018 Reply World View If 50% of military personal losses was caused by artillery and mortars then clearly it took average some 100 shells fired to cause one battle casualty (death of wounded) to enemy. On the other hand the secret of artillery success is not the numbers of shells but timing, surprise firing enemy when it is in most vulnerable situation. In WW1 artillery long period artillery barrages were inaccurate and didn't have that surprise effect. In WW2 artillery hit enemy rear areas and isolated front line troops from replacements. Mortars were used to smash front line troops. September 30, 2018 Reply fuzzy Hear me out, could you use a bulldozer as a self-propelled artillery gun? Like it already has the hyrdolics to lower and raise the cannon and its able to carry heavy weight. If you mounted a gun instead of a blade, would it work?Edit: it might also work with a large mortar October 5, 2018 Reply Bence Klárik I found your channel today and it's just simple amazing! Thank you! November 23, 2018 Reply Paleo Man You got a dislike because: Narration should be done in ones native launguageand Narration should NEVER be done with a speech impediment. your voice is torture on my ears. December 15, 2018 Reply DainBramaged 4Lyf You won me with the metal at the end. Subscribed:) December 24, 2018 Reply Collin Monette I would say the destruction phase started In 1915 when the Somme happened December 27, 2018 Reply T5rux Lee The poor design and poor build quality of British artillery fuses led to massive over consumption of ammunition during barrages to compensate for so many of the shells being duds.The British Army artillery was also "on the move" when German counter battery shelling started getting too close for comfort to one of their active big artillery positions. Special "snatch teams" usually consisting of at least four men with a six horse team had the task of quickly hauling the big gun to a different prepared spot so it could get back in the fight with a much better chance of continuing survival for its crew. December 27, 2018 Reply BaDitO2 "in 1866 during the austro-prussian war […] the german army" okay January 6, 2019 Reply Yitzhakhazak Very good. The need of artillery on tracks is so obvious. January 14, 2019 Reply Matthew Jordison Only takes a few million lives to learn some proper doctrine. Sad, but I guess that's just how it is. February 14, 2019 Reply glennsche i like the Willie MacBride quote during the Somme description. Kleinigkeit aber: "join the great fallen" hätte es heissen sollen, not "fall in". Aber egal. hammer gut wie immer. March 4, 2019 Reply METAL HEAD Proximity fuse proved deadly March 30, 2019 Reply General Obi Wan Kenobi lol …and stock ammo sucks. April 9, 2019 Reply Travis Schwartz Your channel is fantastic April 19, 2019 Reply Matthew Familia Magnificent video…very detailed but also simple, I learned a lot about things I thought I already knew May 18, 2019 Reply Gronicle1 Things sometimes change slowly. My dad was still dragging French 75's around with horses in the US Army Field Artillery for direct fire missions in 1934-37. He said they called it "training". May 25, 2019 Reply Cyril Chui So, the most significant development of Artillery, was the invention of wireless mobile communication tool, that allowed regular deployment of spotter. June 11, 2019 Reply Mr Luger 12:34 it’s free real estate June 16, 2019 Reply Matthew Beattie Why didn’t they just shell the enemy supply and rear trenches, preventing the enemy frontline from retreating, and then shell the frontline, where the enemy would be trapped. July 9, 2019 Reply Matthew Beattie Why didn’t they just shell the enemy supply and rear trenches, preventing the enemy frontline from retreating, and then shell the frontline, where the enemy would be trapped. July 9, 2019 Reply Alexandre Credidio Oliveira If my mathematics is not of the Germans fire a little less than 267k shells in 1918.No wonder why so many soldiers had suffered"shell shock".And fighting in those conditions is the true definition of courage. July 22, 2019 Reply MarcosElMalo2 French artillery didn’t need as many rounds early in the war because their rounds had more elán. 😝 July 23, 2019 Reply Green guy 9512 Great video MHV, can’t wait to see more ww1 vids. July 23, 2019 Reply the white army 1917 4:42 sweats in british September 8, 2019 Reply SNP1999 An excellent and highly informative video ! My Grandfather served in the British Royal Horse Artillery from 1914, with the original BEF, until the end of the war in 1918, on the Western Front in Belgium and France, and was awarded the Military Medal for courageous action. This documentary explains why artillery was estimated to be the foremost killer during that terrible war, the sheer amount of rounds or shells used by all sides was insane, but obviously effective nonetheless. 🌟🌟🌟 October 2, 2019 Reply Erich Von Manstein Unlike WW2,Germany was really well prepared for WW1.We could clearly see it from Germany’s war material advantage,surplus of rounds,machine guns,artillery etc.Also they had a very large and mostly professional army and very large navy(ranked 2nd after Royal Navy in 1914)They had a very big industrial might(their steel-chemical production was larger than Britain-France-Russia combined and their coal production was large as Britain’s)especially in heavy and chemical industries.Probably Germany’s only weakness was his diplomacy… October 5, 2019 Reply Add a Comment Cancel reply Your email address will not be published. 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