Confederation of Canada: Part 3 – Canada | theFAQs


Welcome to part three of Canada where we’ll be
talking about the path to modern Canada. This video will a bit shorter than the others
due to the rapid pace of the uniting provinces. So lets start off in the late 1850s where
pressure was building for British North America to unite. This pressure from political difficulties,
prospect for economic advantage, military security and it continued into the late 1860s. In first 1864, the delegates of
the maritime provinces met in Charlottetown to discuss the union of Nova Scotia, New Brunswick
and Prince Edward Island along with the ones from the Province of Canada. With Canada at the table the unification would
lead to a larger union. The second meeting of these delegates met
on the tenth October 1864 with 33 delegates representing the Province of Canada, Nova
Scotia, New Brunswick, Prince Edward Island and Newfoundland. That discussion lasted for 18 days which resulted
in the unanimous approval of the 72 resolutions embodying the terms of federal union. The resolutions made their way into legislature
to be debated which lasted between the third of February and fourteenth of March 1865. It has to be mentioned the union was delayed for more than a year because of maritime opposition. That following year, delegates of Canada,
Nova Scotia and New Brunswick travelled to London and met with the Colonial Secretary. Following that they made their case to legislators
in the British Parliament. 92 resolutions were then drafted in the form
of the British North America Act in twelfth of February 1867. About a month and a half later it received
Royal Assent effective first of July the same year. In the act was a preamble expressing the desire
for the founding provinces to be federally united with a constitution like the British.
Which was monarchy, representation and responsibility into the new federal government. The governments had to operate a bit differently. The Central Government, that is the federal government operated for national purposes
and the provincial governments operated for regional or local concern. A special note is that the rovincial government
was not meant to be subordinate to the central government, instead, they were to operate
for their own province and largely be independent. The founding provinces upon creating the new
Dominion of Canada, later becoming Ontario and Quebec, left provisions in the Constitution
of 1867 for Newfoundland, Prince Edward Island, British Columbia and Ruperts Land and the
North-western Territories, which soon later became the Northwest Territories, to enter. So with this, lets finish this off with, when
each province joined. The Northwest Territories joined in 1868. Manitoba was established in 1870, British
Columbia joined in 1871. Prince Edward Island joined in 1873. Both Saskatchewan and Alberta was established
in 1905. Following this boundary change the Northwest
Territories was split to create the Yukon in 1898 and both were left as territories. Newfoundland then joined post-world war 2
in 1949. The Canadian province Nunavut was established
from the Northwest Territories in 1999 and given its own legislature. Well that it for part three! I hope glad you enjoyed this three part series! Look forward to future videos where I will
go into detail about the Speaker, Legislatures, House of Commons, Royal Assent, Governor General
and etc. So make sure you like or dislike.. doing that
tells me you either love or hate this, comment letting me know if there is anything specific
you want me to make a video on and subscribe to know when the next video comes out. Click the bell icon beside subscribe to make
sure that happens, and I’ll catch you all in two weeks.

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