August 16, 2019 HomeArticles[Medieval] Castles – Functions & Characteristics (1000-1300) [Medieval] Castles – Functions & Characteristics (1000-1300) By Maxine Hayes Articles, Blog 100 Comments Tags:and, Castle, castles, Characteristics, Construction, Cost, documentary, education, Foritification, Functions, History, Medieval, Middle Ages, Rent, Running Cost, Strategy, the, Visualized Related Posts How To Make Money on YouTube with Affiliate Links $46,000 in Clickfunnels Affiliate Commissions In 2 Months With FREE TRAFFIC How To Earn Money From YouTube With Affiliate Marketing About Author admin 100 Comments MrGeorocks Where I live in Ireland the countryside is littered with motte and bailey castles in various states of ruin although one was redone on the inside with plasterboard and flooring and is someones house. I've never been inside but i'm told its nice. The closest to me only has a single standing wall but is about 4 stories high. October 4, 2016 Reply TheKeithvidz awesome research i will save. October 4, 2016 Reply jackofswords7 Enjoyed the video, thanks. Only one thing I would say is, it took me quite a while to recognise what you ment by, "garrishion" which is what I heard. May I suggest you pronounce it like: "garrees'n". I hope you don't mind my correcting this small point ? I would add that at the time of watching/listening to this video I was doing something else too. So not always watching the pictures. October 4, 2016 Reply massaweed420 awesome video man!! keep making this amazing content! October 4, 2016 Reply Eric B This is awesome! I've never seen this kind of information in a condensed video. Keep at it. October 4, 2016 Reply Weedus I dont think its a good Idea to compare to the Teutonic Order…You had to be born from a noble Family,you had to sacrifice all your wealth to the Order and you entered it for a Lifetime…So the Number of Full Knights where not so high at any Time,and the Bulk of the Order was the Half-Brothers…which where basicaly Professional Soldiers who entered the Order for like 6 or 12 Years October 4, 2016 Reply Anton Teodor Great work on this video and many others. But your pronounciation of 'garrison' sparks derision. October 4, 2016 Reply Paul Sidwell Sorry, 24 Shillings = 1 pound, not 20. October 4, 2016 Reply MashedApplePie I want to play Stronghold so bad October 5, 2016 Reply hal hibben This was great, my favorite video you've made yet. October 5, 2016 Reply 1293ST Ahh.. back in the day when we did cool stuff and flags look just awesome. Good ole medieval ages ! October 5, 2016 Reply John Matthias I'm always impressed and a little surprised by the perspective you take in these videos. However, some images would be nice. In this case, pictures of what the different levels of castle looked like would have helped. I had to frequently pause the video to look them up. It interrupts the flow of the lesson. October 5, 2016 Reply Polke. this video was totally 1337 October 5, 2016 Reply Badpak Dude i really like your videos, watched all of them and i don't mean to hate at all. But i strongly advise you to look up the pronounciation of the word "garisson". I'm not a native speaker myself and i dont want to be this language Nazi but it's quite far off. October 5, 2016 Reply BreakfastGypsy very good analysis October 6, 2016 Reply RonJohn63 2:30 "demesnes" is a different spelling of "domain". October 6, 2016 Reply Paulotron If you would play Crusader Kings II you would have been able to pronounce "demesnes" instead of glossing over it with "lands" 😉 October 6, 2016 Reply Cyril Van Der Haegen 08:53. It's "Krak des Chevaliers", not Chevalier[e]s. In French, Chevalier = Knight. Chevaliere = Seal ring (to emboss wax on a letter, for instance). Cheval = horse. On a side note, 'Chevalier' usually means a person with title and wealth. 'Cavalier' means a horse-rider in general. While the female version of 'Cavalier' is 'Cavaliere', the female version of 'Chevalier' doesn't exist per se, and as I stated, 'Chevaliere' means a seal ring. I suppose that if there were women Knights, they'd be call Chevalier as well – kind of like you call "Sir" a female officer. The world 'Cavalcade' (horse charge) comes from that root too . Although I suspect that 'Cavalier' comes from the Italian Cavaliere, but the root remains Latin "caballus". Weirdly enough, 'Equus' really meant a good, normal 'horse' and 'caballus' meant an inferior horse, but 'caballus' stuck. Except for French 'Equitation": horse riding. Confusing enough? Yeah, back to Castles…:) October 7, 2016 Reply Gage Weber Not trying to be critical but your pronunciation of garrison is wrong. October 9, 2016 Reply LondonSpade The thick accent was bearable in a WW1/2 context but now we've moved past that I can't help but hope for clearer English :/ October 9, 2016 Reply Attila Nagy Very well done! 🙂 October 10, 2016 Reply boopdafoopdontmind i have a massive fortified erection October 10, 2016 Reply David Johnston Fascinating video, good work! October 10, 2016 Reply Matt Dendura Your English really is excellent – keep making these high-quality videos! October 10, 2016 Reply JHAYKHAY25 Yes, they had to be centres of business to some degree just as much as military to keep up the running costs. I seem to remember this could be an early source of tension with the Catholic church in England as there was competition for markets (especially wool markets) with monasteries. October 12, 2016 Reply Keith Tiberius Chateau Gaillard was the subject of one of the best burns (or insults) which ever passed between two medieval-era monarchs. King Richard I of England, and King Phillip II of France, were bitter enemies by the time of the building of Chateau Gaillard. Richard blamed Phillip for the failure of the Third Crusade to retake Jerusalem from Saladin, in 1189-92, when Phillip abandoned the crusade after the taking of Acre. Phillip then conspired with Richard's brother, the future King John, to usurp the throne after Richard was captured and held prisoner by the Holy Roman Emperor, Henry VI.There was little love lost between Richard and Phillip, and after Richard's release, he set about making Phillip pay dearly for his treachery. Chateau Gaillard was just such an affront to Phillip's soveriegnty, as well as constituting a definite strategic threat to Phillip's hold on France, itself. Phillip vowed to take Chateau Gaillard from Richard, boasting, If it's walls were made of iron, still I would take it. To which Richard famously replied, If it's walls were made of butter, still I would hold it. It was, however, Phillip who had the last laugh, when he captured Chateau Gaillard from Richard's successor, the hapless King John, in 1204. October 12, 2016 Reply Jerbear45 I love the content but I can't understand half of it because of the accent D: October 14, 2016 Reply Mike Mac The most important and dangerous element of ancient and Dark Age Castles is said to have been their aviaries. Anyone who's seen a certain Battlefield 1 scene probably understands why. October 14, 2016 Reply FranzAntonMesmer Thank you fills a historical gap I've often wondered about. If you have the time, please cover the split of castles into palaces, arsenals, and forts, specifically star forts. and eventually into regimental and local militia/reserve armouries. 🙂 October 15, 2016 Reply Meow Dog garri-son.. no insult intended just a correction in pronunciation.. I love your work. Keep it up. October 21, 2016 Reply KrakenJukes Really appreciate explaining the numbers involved in construction, maintaining, and also garrison of castles. Not often is it discussed how large a garrison force actually was. Keep it up! October 21, 2016 Reply ThatDamnedYankee Excellent as usual. But one question: what about the Pre-Roman fortifications such as the Celtic forts in the Rhoen (Hessen / Bayern)? October 24, 2016 Reply Green Ben Thank god the books are safe October 30, 2016 Reply Mark Gunn another well done. to those who criticize pronunciation. If your German is better than his English then please continue to criticize if you really feel the need to be petty. November 4, 2016 Reply First Last I have to wonder what the source is of all this interesting detail on the expenses and income that really shows what kind of situations people were in. Thanks again for sharing. November 6, 2016 Reply First Last Whats a shashant? November 6, 2016 Reply fazole Were castles also frequently used as a means to collect tribute or tolls on travelers? I have cruised the Rhine and those castles were used as toll "booths" in order to collect money from river traffic. Living in the 21st century as we do, it is hard for me to imagine why castles couldn't be ignored or sieged fairly easily. Even if the Lord is protected in his castle, the crops and fertile lands are outside–unless they practiced scorched earth to deny the enemy use of the fiefdom agriculture? November 7, 2016 Reply SinerAthin The way he pronounces "Garrisons" infuriates me to no end! xD November 7, 2016 Reply Designedin Australia Not sure if it sounds like a `castle` but recently found out about `Fort Drum` (El Fraile Island) made in 1906,i believe it is a great example how these kind of principles can be combined with water,a lot of water. 🙂 Great video. ` November 11, 2016 Reply のあ高峯 Well if they just put the reinforced barricades and use the semi-auto shotgun, the enemy team will have some trou- oh wrong Castle? Whoops. November 17, 2016 Reply sharkfinbite I came across in art history where the professor indicated some that gave a hint of the time. Within a photo she pointed out to us the residency in the fort or castle had large glass windows,… during a time when there were definitely raiding and pillaging. It was explained not every place experienced the same amount of chaos or had it to occur all the time and there was affluence and flourishing during that dark age/medieval era contrary to what our modern perspective has of the time. November 17, 2016 Reply Niklas Ohlqvist Nice video. Can you make a video about forts in the 18-19 century? November 24, 2016 Reply Richardsen Quality work, as it is customary of yours. A cool castle that I think it is worth mentioning is Guédelon Castle. Why is it important? Well, because it is not finished yet. It is perhaps the world's biggest archaeological experiment. The castle is being built exclusively using middle ages construction techniques. Wikipedia has a great gallery of images where you can appreciate the castle being built over the years: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gu%C3%A9delon_Castle November 28, 2016 Reply kenneth worde love the channel, but one of first rules is don't read a slide to me, allow time for me, then make key points. overall you do excellent work…it also may be cultural December 2, 2016 Reply SunshineonLeith2016 you compile fantastic videos. Hugely enjoyable and informative on a wide range of subjects and historical periods.Thank you)) December 7, 2016 Reply Roldan One does not simply build a castle December 9, 2016 Reply LogoSeven You're Austrian. Pronounce "garrison" in English however you wish, just keep making videos. Great balance of fact/opinion, detail/brevity. Enjoyable quality productions. December 30, 2016 Reply Wokewell Dankington You should probably introduce your channel in the beginning. January 15, 2017 Reply GeFlixes Very informative!For further watching, try "names and terms of a medieval castle's parts" by Shadiversity as an overview of actual castle construction. https://youtu.be/ZBn7f3H-eqM January 17, 2017 Reply Drumsgoon What type of accent is? January 18, 2017 Reply Stephen Richards I got a PDF downloaded of the book "Western Warfare in the Age of the Crusades" thanks to this video… thanks mang. Got some new reading material now. :DDD January 25, 2017 Reply Oct131917 Sounds like forts February 11, 2017 Reply Arthur O'Brien Will you do modern fortifications like the Maginot Line? February 14, 2017 Reply TheRomanRuler Somebody should build modern day castle built on real military level technology and designs etc. Only reason for it: tourism in the future. It would be huge tourist attraction and would pay for itself over time, just like Maginot Line is doing. And could also make just as awesome looking fantasy castle as possible. March 3, 2017 Reply Morphomerle Thanks you so much for putting subtitles. I'm deaf, and it helps me a lot. March 5, 2017 Reply Gallant0 I like the way he says garrison March 11, 2017 Reply Mom's Spaghetti 1337 i c wut u did there m8 March 13, 2017 Reply J Smith Excellent work. I think most people think of a work like Heidelberg, but those like Schloss Nauses would be more common. March 14, 2017 Reply Generic name Gurision March 23, 2017 Reply PrivateSlacker If I had to chose one word to describe the placement of castles, I would choose "strategery". April 7, 2017 Reply M Solo No to raise stability you need about 100 admin power +/- any modifiers. April 26, 2017 Reply mxt mxt Shadiversity also has videos on castles. May 11, 2017 Reply Rogue Raven ww1 fortresses May 14, 2017 Reply Xeph was the currency represented in modern pounds? May 27, 2017 Reply Loic Bazin Make more castle videos please June 20, 2017 Reply Jonny B Take the Sh out of garrison and make it an S like snake. I've always noticed in many of your videos your dyslexic and read numbers backwards, ha. Great stuff though. July 2, 2017 Reply airnt i am slightly critical of the garrison numbers: you seem to largely look at british and french numbers. In 'Germany' there was one castle to every 450 people or so, so a garrison or even a population of 2000 people is extremely rare. where in Brittain we are talking about maybe 200 castles all told, in 'germany' we are talking about 20.000.In Holland (proper) we are talking about 117 castles, some of which only really represented a tower surrounded by a moat.a four room castle like Dever in Lisse was pretty common for a knightly 'house' castles are often defined as defensible residence and centre of local government. this does not have to be a huge fortress to be 'crenelated' or seen as a castle back then. Most castles i have seen would struggle to provide shelter for 2000 (!) people long term, even larger ones like Warwick, and definitely the Wartburg, for instance, and i wonder what the source really says, it might be the troops they might be able to deliver for war, for instance, which does not represent an actual garrison or permanent billeting of troops. Most castles must have had populations of about 10-20 maybe. July 3, 2017 Reply Maarten Is that yo boys cologne? England is my city. July 6, 2017 Reply kefkaZZZ Massively Fortified Erections. Best band name ever! July 7, 2017 Reply Nic Jansen The main reason for a castle is to defend a royal. If defending or attacking was the main reason for building a defend-able structure, it would be called a fortress July 8, 2017 Reply rankeen I love this channel! 🙂 July 13, 2017 Reply Earthworm Jim A wooden palisade, a Motte and Bailley, a Keep, A stone Castle, A ROYAL CASTLE! July 13, 2017 Reply Damien Oldham 'Garishan' July 26, 2017 Reply granskare it was in the UK powerful people made ruins to appear to be castles, ruins, etc July 28, 2017 Reply granskare the castle at Dover was built to welcome people 🙂 July 28, 2017 Reply Jimsy Discussing logistics in a thick Tutonic accent is about the most Germanic thing I am likely to hear all year. August 3, 2017 Reply Douglas Oak Ga-ri-sun = garrison September 6, 2017 Reply Paul Reiter You talked a lot about the cost of building and maintaining a castle. How about the financial benefits like tolls and taxes. Are they already included in the average income shown at 8:00 ? September 22, 2017 Reply Zelousmarineinspace Krak Des Chevaliers was probably the greatest castle ever created. It was large, effective, very intimidating, and it was never taken by force. The Mamulk Sultan Bybars had to trick the garrison into surrendering with a forged letter. October 10, 2017 Reply goodroach Please do Japanese castles. November 24, 2017 Reply Divergent Droid Here's a Castle Question I'd like to see: If you had to build a modern castle today using all of the features of Medieval castles taking into account things like modern weapons how would you do it? What's the best structure for say a homestead and farm? December 1, 2017 Reply Smokey298 "one doesnt just build a castle" is like saying "one doesnt just own a gun" December 6, 2017 Reply JägerLange Hurhurhur, erections… December 10, 2017 Reply Ashwin Acharya But what about the dragons? December 20, 2017 Reply Diego Ferreiro Very interesting video. For castle cost estimations there is a very unlikely source in the acts of a litigation process between two archbishops in Spain in 1526-1527.The acts can be found here: https://books.google.es/books/about/Las_fortalezas_de_la_mitra_compostelana.html?id=xtWkAAAACAAJ&redir_esc=y&hl=es The origin of the feud was the destruction as many as about (minimum) 100-140 fortresses, towers and similar buildings during a revolution that took place in 1467-1469 in Galicia, North West Spain. Some of these fortresses belonged to the Compostela Archbishopy and many years later, a new archbishop claimed his predecessor for not reconstructing or repairing the depleted buildings, so a litigation started, witnesses were called, and construction masters evaluated the costs of rebuilding the castles. The acts were preserved and when they were rediscovered in the early 20th century they gave a glimpse of what actually happened on what was the long forgotten "Guerra Irmandiña" or "Brotherhood War". December 24, 2017 Reply Rocco vitiello Very good info December 24, 2017 Reply Kalinmir Too anglocentric March 5, 2018 Reply Der Ammerländer Inhaltlich toll, aber sorry Dein Dialekt ist (diplomatisch ausgedrückt) etwas gruselig. Trotz Langer Zeit in USA, Canada und UK fällt es mir nicht leicht jedes Wort auf Anhieb zu verstehen welches Du in deinen Videos zum Besten gibst. Dennoch: Daumen Hoch, Danke für die vielen tollen Infos, und weiter so. March 18, 2018 Reply Get out. thanks, I've always been thinking about owning a castle with a garrison and ruling over a bunch of lands from my throne. looks like my only throne will be the toilet. March 31, 2018 Reply adhad dawdaw castles would usually have their own basic breweries I think, to offset the lack of a clean water supply they could turn grey water into weak alcohol. but maybe this was less common than I thought April 6, 2018 Reply TheMacaz Wood needed July 29, 2018 Reply Jake Lettiere is it me or does his german accent make everything his say about military things sound 100% accurate and with 500% discipline August 24, 2018 Reply Neil Farrow You might find this Doc with Spock interesting:https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RS6u4Rl5e84 September 3, 2018 Reply Quixote I think your video misses a bit of the point. Castles were not primarily military machines intended to fight other kings. They were a safe place for the elite during the night so they could ride out and force peasants to pay more taxes during the daytime. More lands and higher taxes mean more money but also thousands of people who hate your guts. And you and your brutal henchmen have to sleep every night. October 17, 2018 Reply Angelo Auditore what's the difference between a serjeant and a levy soldier ?? December 5, 2018 Reply Ghost Division What about building your unique unit and trebuchets? January 11, 2019 Reply Elias Stassinopoulos Stronghold Crusader. Buy it. February 18, 2019 Reply Jason L Considering how long it took to build a stone castle, I wonder if it was common practice to first build a simple wooden castle (or at least wooden defensive walls) on the site for temporary protection of the workers/materials/supplies. March 16, 2019 Reply Alkemisti would it be accurate to say that modern versions of castles would be Embassies? March 30, 2019 Reply Kristina Rain to get an indepth interactive view of all this, google abandonware – Castles I & Castles II back in the day when computer games were more distinct from console games in that the attention to technical details was unsurprassed in pc gaming (Civ, Caesar, X-Com, AOE *ahem's!* Aces Over Europe! ..to name a few!) Castles was THE game to win acclaim and popular standing in the early early 90's just after Civilization, and about a year or two before DOOM. although, DOOM would stay at the top of the charts, XCOM would annihilate it and anything else tht came out between 95-96. Anyways castles series of games lets you be the ruler who builds and designs that castle, defends, makes changes, as its being built (yep! you gotta post your people up if raiders or rivals come to take you out even before your sections of walls , towers, etc are barely clearing the ground. ) you haffta treat your enemies with some regard because they can just rush you for being a punk and killing all the messengers 😉 you hadda pick a suitable place with good elevation and proximity to bedrock as well as trees and stone. Soooo many more details and its still fun to this day. Also Lords of the Realm 2 ("Will you take the field? " " Slaughter these villagers, my lord?') 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